Richard Mouw, president of Fuller Theological Seminary, has perhaps the best explanation of how Christians should relate to the Jews. It is an older article, The Chosen People Puzzle, but well worth the time. Some summary points:
I have a nonnegotiable commitment to evangelism, and this includes witnessing to Jewish people about my firm conviction that Jesus is the promised Messiah. But I also oppose treating Jews as though they were only “targets” for evangelism. We evangelicals have much to learn from Jews about issues of public life and about deeply religious topics. And we must work alongside members of the Jewish community in striving for justice and righteousness in the larger society.Witnessing to; learning from; cooperating with—this seems to me to be an important threefold Christian agenda for our relationships with the Jewish community. But there don’t seem to be many Christians who are willing to endorse the whole agenda. Those strong on evangelism have often been weak on learning and cooperation; those who have been eager to nurture learning and cooperative relationships have often downplayed the evangelistic mandate.
There is more, much more. Dr. Mouw touches on anti-Semitism, the hazards of unbridled dispensationalism, and the need to treat the Jews with respect as our predecessors and co-salvationists, when Israel, in God’s time, will accept Jesus Christ as the authentic Jewish Messiah.
To those who focus exclusively on the Great Commission, there is this:
…faithfulness to the gospel also requires more than evangelism. We have much to learn from the Jewish people. For one thing, our relationships with messianic Jews, as well as with other Jewish brothers and sisters who have come to faith in Christ, have been precious to many of us and have deepened our understanding of the gospel. But non-Christian Jews also have much to teach us about spiritual matters. Any Christian who thinks otherwise should read Abraham Joshua Heschel on the prophets or the Sabbath, or the fiction of Chaim Potok or even Harry Kemelman’s Rabbi Small mystery novels. We cannot simply classify Judaism under “Other Religions.” We share with Jewish people a common spiritual heritage grounded in God’s revelation to Moses and the Hebrew prophets.
Witnessing to; learning from; cooperating with, and never forgetting that our One True God is, was, and always will be the same as the God of ethnic Jews.